The Traditional Ancient Landmark of Chengdu - Wangjiang Pavilion Park
Located on the south bank of Jinjiang River at East Gate, Chengdu, Wangjiang Pavilion Park is renowned worldwide for its cultural heritage represented by the ancient building complex of Wangjiang Pavilion and Xue Tao Memorial, and its unique collections of rare bamboos. Covering a floor area of 188 mu, the Park consists of Heritage Conservation Area (39 mu) and Open Area (149 mu). The historic site and tourist attraction, built in memory of Xue Tao, a poetess living in the Tang Dynasty, is now a major historical and cultural site protected at the national level.
Standing by the Jinjiang River, Chongli Pavilion (widely known as Wangjiang Pavilion), a 27.9m-high all-wood structure, is a major building of the Park. Its name "Chongli" is derived from the verse "Beautiful (li in Chinese) and sublime (chong in Chinese), it is named Chengdu." from Ode to Chengdu by Zuo Si, a scholar from the Jin Dynasty. Adjacent to Jinjiang River, it is widely known as "Wangjiang Pavilion (River-overlooking Pavilion)". The God of Literature that administers the ranks of the imperial examination is enshrined at the Pavilion.
Zhuojin Pavilion, with five principle columns and doors and windows on four sides, looks like a boat. Surrounded by luxuriant and well-spaced flowers and trees, it looks elegant and beautiful. Inside the Pavilion, rosewood furniture from the Ming and Qing dynasties and ancient building components are showcased.
Yinshi Pavilion was built because there's one at the residence where Xue Tao spent her twilight years. Shadowed by willows and bamboos near the river, the three-part pavilion featuring open verandas on four sides is quite poetic. There are a collection of paintings in the hall on the ground floor depicting Xue Tao chanting poetry with famous poets such as Yuan Zhen, Bai Juyi, Du Mu and Liu Yuxi.
In Wuyunxian Pavilion, wood slabs carved with Xue Tao's poems in various styles by renowned calligraphers are showcased.
In the uniquely and exquisitely designed Huanjian Pavilion, paper and letter paper making technologies of the Tang Dynasty are showcased.
Qingwan Cottage features primitive simplicity with wood lattice windows. Inside it display the eulogy on portrait of Xue Tao composed by Chen Ju from Guiyang who lived in the Qing Dynasty and inscriptions on Wangjiang Pavilion and Xue Tao composed by scholars from the Qing Dynasty.
Xue Tao Memorial has a collection of historical materials on Xue Tao's life stories and poems. With an area of 700m2, the Memorial features modernly designed layout.
Xue Tao Well, located in the south of Chongli Pavilion, is the place where the Seignior of Sichuan in the Ming Dynasty imitated Xue Tao paper. The three characters "Xue Tao Jing (Xue Tao Well)" were calligraphed by Ji Yingxiong, the then Magistrate of Chengdu, in the sixth year of the Kangxi Period of the Qing Dynasty. There are also memorial buildings such as Quanxiang Pavilion and Pipa Lane in Heritage Conservation Area, which are exquisitely arranged and have a collection of inscriptions, tablets, painting and etc.
Built in 1984, the Statue of Xue Tao is situated beside Xue Tao Memorial and in the depth of the Duzu Garden. The 3m-high statue, made of white marble, stands on a carpet of green grass.
Xue Tao's Tomb, renovated in October 1994, comprises tombstone, principal part, foundation platform and inscription. The tombstone reads, "The grave of Xue Hongdu, a talented female of the Tang Dynasty" (Hongdu is Xue Tao’s courtesy name).
Duzhu Garden, built in 1995, is home to a variety of bamboos.
The Open Area of Wangjiang Pavilion Park is a bamboo theme park with the richest collection of bamboo species in China. Xue Tao loved bamboos and described them as "upright and perseverant". To commemorate Xue Tao, later generations have planted various species of bamboos all over the garden. There are 200-odd species from home and abroad, including rare species. The bamboos in the garden, represented by Bambusa chungii, Phyllostachys aurea, Bambusa ventricosa and Fargesia ungulata, take different forms and yet are in perfect harmony. They crowd together or interweave forming a corridor. People thus call this garden with a sea of bamboos and endless fun and elegance the "Park of Bamboos".